Recently, on 21st October, our Prime Minister Narendra Modi, wearing an Azad Hind Fouz cap in his traditional dramatic style, unveiled a plaque to commemorate the flag-hoisting event to mark the 75th anniversary of the Azad Hind government. Those, who are aware of our national history, know that the forefathers of Modiji in Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), especially Golwalkar, neither happy with the tri-color flag, nor participated in the mass-agitation in 1945-46 against the trial of the members of Azad Hind Fouz. By now, we are accustomed with such ‘jumla’ of Modiji, which he is performing now-a-days as frequently as his nervous legs are approaching the general election of 2019. The worshipers of Golwalkar are now trying their best to cross the turbulent tides of ensuing election by riding the boat of jingoistic nationalism. Thus, it is the need of the hour to expose their fake nationalism and patriotism nakedly in front of the people.
After Hedgewar’s death in 1940, M. S. Golwalkar became the Sarsanghchalak (head) of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). Under the leadership of Golwalkar, the RSS intentionally kept itself aloof from the countrywide anti-British struggle of the 1940s, such as the Quit India movement of 1942, the Indian Navy revolt of 1946, etc. “It is futile to blame the strong for the injustice done to the weak… Sangh does not want to waste its invaluable time in abusing or criticizing others. If we know that large fish eat the smaller ones, it is outright madness to blame the big fish. Law of nature whether good or bad is true all the time. This rule does not change by terming it unjust.” – these were the words spoken by him, in a speech given in June 8, 1942, to restrain the Sangh members from joining the massive anti-British struggle, which was heading towards the Quit India movement. Few months later the “strong”, “unblamable” and “big fish”-like British rulers paved the way of a devastating famine that killed more than three millions “weak” people in the Bengal province. Only the shameless lackeys of imperialism can admit this event as “law of nature”. However, if we go through the writings and speeches of Golwalkar, then ample of similar examples will be found. For example, just few months before our independence, in March 1947, while addressing the annual day function of the RSS, he criticized the tendency of “initiating the political movements on the basis of our hatred towards our victors.” Even, how he remembered the anti-British struggles in India in later days is well documented in Shri Guruji Samagra Darshan. According to him – “The boys became unruly after the 1920-21 movement [Non-cooperation movement]… After 1942, people often started thinking that there was no need to think of the law.” Undoubtedly, the present regime, which is using draconian laws indiscriminately to curb the voice of dissenters, is the ideal successor of Golwalkar, whom we found as a defender of British repressive laws.
Golwalker even surpassed the contributions of his predecessors in helping His Majesty. The Bombay Government noted in a memo that: “the Sangh has scrupulously kept itself within the law, and in particular, has refrained from taking part in the disturbances that broke out in 1942.” Later on, Golwalkar proudly remembered the days as – “In 1942 also there was a strong sentiment in the hearts of many. At that time too the routine work of Sangh continued. Sangh vowed not to do anything directly.” On March 5, 1960, in a speech delivered before the top-level cadres of the RSS, he clearly said that – “We should remember that in our pledge we have talked of the freedom of the country through defending religion and culture. There is no mention of departure of the British in that.” Even, in his book “Bunch of Thoughts”, which is a much celebrated book within the right-wingers, he claimed that equating “anti-Britishism” with “patriotism and nationalism” was a “reactionary” view. He further mocked the martyrs of freedom struggle in such a shameless way, which might even astonish the British. According to Golwalkar – “We have not looked upon their martyrdom as the highest point of greatness to which men should aspire. For, after all, they failed in achieving their ideal, and failure implies some fatal flaw in them.” It is thus nothing but an irony that today his successors are forcibly portraying themselves as the sole authority of patriotism.
The specific characteristic of Golwalkar lies in his attempt to transform Savarkar’s theory of “territorial nationalism” into “cultural nationalism”, which formed the ideological basis for leaving the British unharmed with their colony, and considering the Muslims, Christians, and the Communists as the primary enemies of the people of Hindusthan. Undoubtedly, such ideology not only served the British during the 1940s, but also served all the later imperialist neo-colonizers in the sub-continent, by dividing the working class based on religious lines and spreading venom against communist ideology. In conclusion, it must be noted that the USA’s Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), which significantly spread and still spreading anti-communist propaganda throughout the world since the 2nd World War, also noticed in 1950 that: “If leftist forces in India should acquire increasing importance or if Communist imperialism should represent a greater threat to India’s sovereignty than the Congress government could withstand, the RSS might stand to gain. Its extreme Hindu nationalism might easily become the rallying point for anti-Marxists.” The same feeling prevailed both in the minds of Congress and the RSS. Thus, when the revolutionary Marxists are leading the peasants’ armed uprising against the feudal lords of the Telengana region, the Congress and the RSS came to a mutual understanding, as the Communist ideology was a threat to both of them, and the government lifted the official ban (which was imposed after Gandhiji’s murder) on the RSS on 12th July 1949. Hence, for the oppressed mass, who are fighting for their emancipation, it is an important point to introspect that why both Gandhi and his murderers fear the idea of the nation which Bhagat Singh and his comrades envisioned.